Wednesday, April 30, 2008
According to the American Wind Energy Association, the Ohio RES is expected to result in 5,000-7,000 MW of new wind power capacity by 2025 and early-year targets will drive 650-750 MW of new wind power installation over the next 4 years. The bill also includes a small solar "set-aside" to help boost solar power in the Buckeye State.
To ensure significant in-state renewable energy development, at least half of all new renewable energy generation must occur in Ohio, and the other half can occur in neighboring states. The legislation is expected to help jump start interest in wind and solar manufacturing in Ohio's world-class manufacturing centers and could spark a "green collar jobs" boom in a state that has been hurt by the steady loss of manufacturing sector jobs.
The renewable energy legislation has national significance. As Ohio becomes the 26th state to adopt an RES, the majority of US states now have renewable energy standards on the books. In addition, Ohio is the fourth largest electricity consuming state in the nation (behind only Texas, California and Florida), ensuring that this state policy will move the needle nationally for renewable energy.
[Solar Ohio image credit: GreenEnergyOhio.org]
Tuesday, April 29, 2008
Amidst concerns about a potential North American natural gas supply crunch, several energy developers are betting big on new terminals to import liquefied natural gas into the United States market. Three terminals are proposed in Oregon, and they have generated considerably controversy and strong opposition from local communities.
There are many reasons to be concerned about imported liquefied natural gas, or LNG, natural gas that has been supercooled to -260 degrees F in order to turn it into a liquid ready to transport on specially-designed tankers from LNG exporting countries like Indonesia, Russia, Iran and Qatar. From increased dependence on foreign fossil fuels to increased greenhouse gas emissions, seized farmland for new pipelines and health and safety concerns, citizens of potentially impacted communities have found plenty of reasons to rally against LNG terminals and pipelines.
The principle argument to forge ahead with new LNG terminals despite these concerns is the assumption that increasing North American natural gas supplies with LNG imports will reduce prices. It's a simple "laws" of supply and demand that increased supply will reduce prices, right? That's what we all learned in economics 101, right?
Unfortunately, a recent front page article in the Wall Street Journal (April 18) warns us that the economics of LNG is a bit more complicated than that. This is economics 202 stuff at least (the online copy is here, sub$cr. required).
The gist of the story is that we shouldn't be betting on increased LNG imports to help lower natural gas prices in the US. Read on to find out why...
Unlike oil, which is easily shipped globally and has been a globally traded commodity for some time, natural gas has developed more regional markets separated by delivery constraints, each with different gas prices. LNG changes the game, and increased global LNG capacity is making natural gas a global commodity with a global price. That's bad news for the United States, where natural gas prices are about half what Japan is willing to pay for a shipment of LNG, for example.
According to the WSJ article: "Today, a tanker of liquefied natural gas, or LNG, pulling into port in Japan can command close to $20 per million BTUs, roughly double the price of the U.S. benchmark."
As with any globally traded commodity, the marginal price sets the price for everyone. If Japan is willing to pay $20 per million BTUs (mmBTU) for LNG, prices globally will float up towards this price, and that's about what we should expect to pay here in the Northwest if an LNG terminal is built. We'll essentially be linking our mostly regional market to an intensely competitive global market for LNG, where the price is set by the highest bidder.
It'd be foolish then to bet on LNG, for which international competition can drive prices up to around $20/mmBTU, to help lower Northwest (or North American) natural gas prices, which are now in the vicinity of $6-8/mmBTU. In fact, the very opposite could occur. If LNG prices set the marginal supply cost for LNG in the Northwest, domestic natural gas prices may even rise to this new marginal cost. That's how commodity markets work, isn't it (told you this was Econ 202 kind of stuff)?
In short, the main argument for new LNG terminals in North America (and here in the Northwest) is that they will help reduce natural gas prices regionally by increasing supply. Problem is, that's not how this competitive global market works. Instead, we'll merely be hooking ourselves up to another global market for a foreign fossil fuel and put ourselves in a competitive bidding war with Japan, Korea, India, China, Spain, and others to see who lands that next shipment of LNG. Not exactly a competition I'd like to get into.
Oh, and did I mention that there's talk of forming a new cartel of LNG exporting countries, just like OPEC, to manipulate the markets to exporters' advantage. The Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration cautions:
"One risk that cannot be ignored is the likely formation of an LNG cartel, given that so few countries control such a large portion of the world’s stranded natural gas reserves, and its power to affect LNG prices."This was new stuff for me - I thought the old Econ 101 argument seemed pretty sound - and I didn't expect this kind of warning to come from the Wall Street Journal of all places. Seems like we've got yet another reason to be cautious about proposed LNG terminals in Oregon and elsewhere.
[Graphic credits: LNG terminal map from MSNBC; LNG tanker and terminal from LNGWorldwide.com]
Tuesday, April 22, 2008
quality for improved visibility and safety.
Inaugural participant North Carolina State University along with Marquette University, University of California at Santa Barbara, University of Arkansas and Tianjin Polytechnic University in China have committed to evaluating and deploying LED lighting in areas such as offices, dormitories, parking garages, walkway lighting and streets across their campus infrastructures.
Each of the participating universities is conducting LED lighting pilots to determine the cost and environmental benefits of switching to LED lighting in campus applications.
Initial installations include:
- NC State University installed LED recessed can lighting from Cree in the chancellor's office and a dormitory, and is installing LED parking garage lighting from BetaLED.
- Marquette University installed LED T8 replacements from LED Dynamics in the vice president for administration's office and is installing LED recessed and task lighting.
- U.C. Santa Barbara installed 23 LED streetlights from BetaLED on a campus street and reports that compared to its traditional streetlights, it is achieving a 44 percent reduction in energy use as well as better light distribution and color rendition.
- University of Arkansas has installed the first set of what it plans will be approximately 1,700 recessed LED lights from Cree in university buildings, starting with lighting the chancellor's
- Tianjin Polytechnic University installed 1,500 LED streetlights designed by its graduate students on the campus' main roadway.
Details of each university's LED lighting pilots and installations are available on the LED University web site: http://www.leduniversity.org/.
The Government of Ontario in concert with the Ontario Power Authority, which launched the innovative Standard Offer Program in 2006, have created a unique program that provides a platform for stimulating investment and job creation in the renewable energy sector. The historic groundbreaking of First Light today demonstrates the strong support of the provincial government, municipal leaders, and communities and is a clear indication that Ontario's renewable energy targets are achievable. First Light is an important first step of many towards delivering secure, sustainable and clean energy to Ontarians for generations to come.
First Light will be built in two phases. The power generated from the project will be distributed through the Hydro One utility, providing clean energy to customers in the Township of Stone Mills for 20 years.
The environmental and health benefits of the two-phase facility are substantial. It is estimated that First Light will reduce yearly carbon emissions by an amount equal to displacing 4,200 cars and light trucks each driving 19,000 kilometers per year.
"This is an appropriate and valuable way to make use of this property," said the Reeve of the Township of Stone Mills, Debbie Thompson. "We are proud to say that Stone Mills Township will be home to North America's largest solar energy park."
"We are happy that our community will be contributing to the generation of clean, green energy for Ontarians," said the Warden of Lennox and Addington, Gord Schermerhorn. "This project is a welcome addition to our county's industrial base and we look forward to welcoming similar type projects in the future."
"The province commends SkyPower and SunEdison Canada for breaking ground on this very significant project," said Ontario Minister of Energy Gerry Phillips. "In just over one year, the Renewable Energy Standard Offer Program has already exceeded its 10-year target of garnering 1,000 megawatts of contracted generation. We look forward to the program yielding success stories for years to come."
"Lehman Brothers is proud to be part of this project, and we salute the Province of Ontario and its leaders for their exemplary commitment to renewable energy. The issue of climate change is arguably one of the most important challenges we are facing, so it's inspiring to see such a wide range of constituencies - government, business, investors, and citizens - come together to build a mutually beneficial solution.
Through innovation, creativity and hard work, SkyPower, SunEdison and the Province of Ontario are 'making dirt fly' and, most important, putting assets in the ground to help mitigate climate change," stated Theodore Roosevelt IV, Managing Director at Lehman Brothers, and Chairman of the Firm's Global Council on Climate Change.
"This is an important day for solar energy but an even more significant moment for Ontario. Our continued commitment to solar energy is clear and our desire to make a difference for the generations to come is the motivation behind the tireless efforts and substantial investments we have made and continue to make in Ontario and other forward thinking jurisdictions in the world. We are fortunate to have the expertise of our partner SunEdison, whose experience, vision and approach to utility-scale PV solar projects has led to the successful design and groundbreaking of this project today," said Kerry Adler, CEO of SkyPower.
"First Light is possible because of a real commitment by the community and the leadership of Ontario to deliver clean renewable energy," stated Tom Rainwater, CEO of SunEdison. "We believe in working with strong local partners worldwide like SkyPower. The success of our joint venture is evidenced today with the groundbreaking of First Light. And the key to making this happen has been working hand-in-hand with the local community that will be home to these clean power plants."
Thursday, April 10, 2008
ConsumerPowerline, Inc. (www.consumerpowerline.com), a leading strategic energy asset management firm, today announced that the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) has approved its executed contracts for third party demand response resources for Southern California Edison (SCE) in central, coastal and southern California, for the 2008 – 2012 time period. SCE was advised by the CPUC that it had approved ConsumerPowerline's contracts based upon individual cost-effectiveness scores and "pay for performance" demand response business model.
Known as "Ancillary Services Coalition"* in California, ConsumerPowerline is one of the largest non-utility providers of demand response solutions.
The CPUC reviewed eight demand response contract proposals from SCE in January, and scored each contract by how the solutions provided firm, reliable price responsive resources. On March 13, the CPUC filed its final decision approving four of the eight contracts, stating, "We note that the two Ancillary Services Coalition, LLC Contracts have the highest individual cost-effectiveness scores and are structured in a superior way to the other contracts such that a greater portion of incentive monies earned is through program participation performance, as opposed to enrollment of capacity."
With the SCE contracts, ConsumerPowerline will provide demand response services to its electricity customers, enabling customers to participate and reduce their electricity consumption during critical times. This process will help reduce energy usage on the grid, and in return, electricity end-users will receive payments for their participation. "We are extremely pleased that the CPUC has approved these two contracts with ConsumerPowerline," said Lawrence Oliva, SCE director of tariff programs and services. "We are strong supporters of business arrangements with third party providers like ConsumerPowerline as they afford SCE an efficient and cost-effective mechanism to reduce peak energy use while providing customers with adequate compensation for their participation in the program."
The capacity nominations under the SCE and ConsumerPowerline contracts grow over time up to 95 megawatts in the summer of 2012.
"Now that demand response solutions are more widely deployed as critical assets in providing reliability efficiently, the business approach needs to provide cost-effective value to all stakeholders – participants, operators, and most of all, ratepayers," noted Gary Fromer, CEO of ConsumerPowerline. "Our focus is always to deliver innovative solutions that achieve wide participation at the least cost to stakeholders."
Wednesday, April 09, 2008
Iberdrola owns 6.9 gigawatts, according to EER, adding more than 1.55 gigawatts in 2007. EER said most of that growth is attributed to new construction in Spain and the United States and also to the firm's acquisition of ScottishPower.
Mergers and acquisitions accounted for about one-third of total wind ownership growth among Europe's top 20 wind owners in 2007, EER said, though Iberdrola will likely continue to lead the European wind power market in 2008, analysts predicted, with sustained growth in its European markets -- Spain, France, Italy, Poland, and Britain.
Chinese power generation firm DaTang joined LongYuan in representing the recent Chinese wind market growth in EER's global rankings. Analysts said Chinese state-owned companies are well-positioned in the country's wind power sector due to the importance of government-sponsored wind projects in meeting emissions reduction goals and increased demand for power.
Barbara Hayes, executive director of the Sacramento Area Commerce and Trade Organization, said state-backed laws have set "very aggressive" renewable energy goals.
Hayes was in Washington with a large delegation of business and community leaders from California seeking to persuade federal lawmakers to extend increased support to so-called clean technologies such as wind and solar power.
Paul Misso, the chief executive of California-based Marquiss Wind Power, said he was working hard to change the social perceptions of placing a compact wind turbine on a roof to generate renewable electricity.
Misso's firm, which has only been in business since 2006, markets framed roof top wind turbines that pivot into the prevailing wind for commercial buildings.
"Rooftops have very turbulent winds. It's a great place to harness the wind for power generation," Misso said, during a break at a Washington hotel from back-to-back business and lobbying meetings.
Hayes said she is encouraged by the number of new clean technology firms setting up business in and around Sacramento, California's state capital.
She said the western city has opened its doors to clean technology development and start-up firms like Marquiss Wind Power.
The US wind power industry is growing, but it accounts for a small share of overall power generation as most American households and businesses still derive their power from more traditional energy sources such as coal and nuclear power.
America's wind energy industry expanded its total wind power generating capacity by 45 percent in 2007, but wind farms still only generate just over one percent of the US electricity supply, according to the US Wind Power Association.
Hayes said the delegation was working hard to grab the sustained attention of Congress.
"We're here as part of a regionwide effort. There are about 350 business and community leaders on the trip this year. They are lobbying members of Congress on outstanding issues, one of which is clean and green technology," she said.
Misso said it was about time clean technology firms won some of the same incentives offered to the oil and gas industry.
"I think when you see the next administration switch over it will eliminate the roadblocks for changing some of the incentives from oil incentives" he predicted, referring to November's fast-approaching presidential election.
Wind power advocates say record high oil prices are also encouraging some businesses to consider alternative and more cost effective power supplies, and competition among clean technology providers is stiff.
Thule Inc., a leading US manufacturer of transportation accessories, said Tuesday it had agreed a contract with American Capital Energy to install a solar photovoltaic system on the roof of its corporate headquarters in Seymour, Connecticut.
The transportation accessories maker said the high tech solar equipment will supply about 26 percent of its headquarters' total electrical needs, helping to offset its power bills as well as improving the environment.
Marquiss Wind Power is marketing 5- and 10-kilowatt wind turbines which cost 29,000 and 59,000 dollars respectively and the company hopes to sell its roof top wind turbines to customers in Chile, Israel and India.
One potential roadblock Misso is trying to knock down is local US ordinances barring large structures being sited on commercial roofs.
Marquiss's wind turbines are about 17 square feet (5.1 square meters), with a 12-foot (3.7 meter) diameter fan in the middle.
In this project, which is Clear Skies Solar's first step into the international arena, the company will design and construct a multi-megawatt solar power system that will supply power to a steel
mill and support the community's energy grid system, providing much-needed energy on this particular line.
"We recognize that the continued use of fossil fuels negatively impacts both the economy and the environment," said Power Cube Chairman Mohan Kejriwal. "As such, Power Cube is determined to meet a portion of India's energy requirements by developing several large solar photovoltaic projects (PV Projects) which will generate electricity from sunlight."
"India represents the first of many untapped markets that Clear Skies Solar plans to enter in 2008 and 2009," said Ezra Green, Chairman and CEO of Clear Skies Solar. "Recognizing the role that solar power will play in the global search for cleaner and more abundant energy sources, Clear Skies Solar has built the infrastructure necessary to support this type of international expansion and to develop large-scale projects at an accelerated pace in order to support global power needs."
"While international projects pose special challenges for solar energy providers, such as identifying proper high voltage lines and the ownership of the property for the system to be installed," added Green. "Our unique ability to overcome such challenges makes Clear Skies Solar the natural choice for clients with challenging power needs."
"Clear Skies Solar has shown that it has the ability and innovative construction techniques to execute this contract, and we look forward to this project beginning in October of 2008," added Kejriwal. "It is the goal of both parties to complete the construction of the five megawatt PV Project and for it to be operational before March of 2009."
Clear Skies Solar will provide the technology, engineering and construction services needed to create the PV Project and will also be prepared to provide the operation and maintenance services needed.